What fish are grown in aquaculture?
The Wong Lab at IMET is working on improving the environmental sustainability of aquaculture, or fish farming. What kinds of fish do they grow?
Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus)
Size: max 60 cm
Lifespan: up to 10 years
Diet: plants, detritus and invertebrates
Habitat: Native to North Africa and Israel
Fun Fact: Female tilapia are mouth brooders who will incubate and protect fertilized eggs in their mouths until eggs develop and hatch to larval stage.
Sablefish (Anoplopoma fimbria)
Size: 80+ cm (max 120 cm)
Lifespan: 90+ years!
Diet: crustaceans, cephalopods, worms and small fishes
Habitat: Northeastern Pacific Ocean on mud bottoms
Fun Fact: Another common name of sablefish is “black cod”, however, it is not a part of cod family
Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)
Size: 75 cm
Lifespan: 3-7 years
Diet: aquatic insects, mollusks, crustaceans, squids and fish
Habitat: Coastal rivers of North America, Iceland, Greenland, Europe, Russia and the North Atlantic Ocean
Fun Fact: Salmon are born in a river, move to the ocean to feed, and return to river to spawn. This kind of migration is called “anadromous.”